Length of the Game
A game shall be a total of 20 minutes in duration, divided into two equal halves of 10 minutes. There should be at least five (5) minutes between the end of a game and the start of the next game, at Paralympics and World Competitions there will be a minimum of fifteen (15) minutes between the end of the game and the start of the next game. An audible warning shall be issued by the timer five (5) minutes before the game start, and a 30 second audible warning should be issued before the start of any half. Any half of the game shall be considered complete at the expiration of time. Half time shall be three (3) minutes in duration.
The game shall commence at the expiration of the three (3) minutes. The players that are going to start to play in any half should be ready for eye patch/eyeshade control at 1 minute and 30 seconds before the start of the game. Should a team not be prepared to start the game after the expiration of three (3) minutes, a delay of game penalty shall be awarded. All time is stopped during penalty situations. Game time starts and stops on the referee's whistle.
If a winner is needed in the case of a tied score at the end of regulation play, the teams will play two (2) additional three (3) minute overtime halves, the team to score the first goal is the winner and the game will be completed.
There will be a three (3) minute break between the end of regulation time and the first overtime half. A second coin toss will determine the throwing and receiving situation for each team at the start of overtime. During the second overtime half, the starting situations will be reversed and the teams will change benches as quickly, as is possible, to start the second half.
If a tie still exists and a winner is necessary, it shall be resolved by executing free throws.
Before the start of a game, a coin toss will be conducted by either a referee or another designated official. The winner may choose either goal to defend or may elect to throw or receive. The remaining choice subsequently goes to the loser. At the beginning of the second half, the goal to defend and throws are alternated. Should a representative of a team not be available at the coin toss a delay of game penalty will be assessed at the beginning of that game.
During the contest, aids of orientation are permitted by the referee to the defending player following a penalty situation, where the players have been removed from the court. Should it be necessary to reorient a player at any other time, a personal delay of game penalty shall be awarded.
At any time the ball crosses the goal line within the goal, it shall be a goal. However, a goal can not be scored by the referee or the goal judge passing the ball into play. A goal shall count only if the entire ball has passed the goal line before the expiration of time.
Team Time Out
Each team shall be allowed three (3), forty-five (45) second time outs during regulation play for the purpose of coaching. Once called, both teams may utilise the time out. After a team calls and takes a time-out, at least one throw must take place before the same team can call for a further time-out or substitution. However, a substitution can be made before the expiration of the time-out period. Furthermore, each team shall be allowed one (1), forty-five (45) second time out during overtime. Should a time out be made during a substitution, the team shall be charged with both a substitution and a time out.
A time out may be requested to a referee at any time by a coach or player using non-verbal hand signals. A time out shall be acknowledged by a referee during an official break in play or when the ball is under control of the team requesting the timeout. Acknowledgement by the referee shall occur when the referee verbally addresses the requesting team by name. The timer shall give an audible warning signal fifteen (15) seconds before the expiration of the time out period.
Official's Time Out
A referee may call an officials' time out at any time considered necessary.
The coaches shall not be permitted to give instructions to the players on the court
during an officials' time out or this will be considered unsportsmanlike conduct. If a
referee has whistled for an official time out, the ball should then be controlled
by the goal judge. At the end of the official time-out, the ball should be passed
back to the team, by the goal judge, that had control when the referee called
for the officials time out.
Medical Time Out
In the case of injury or illness, a medical time out shall be called by a referee and the ten (10) timer closest to the injury player shall start a clock to recored the fortyfive (45) seconds. An audible warning will be given to the referee at the expiration of the fortyfive (45) seconds. If the injured player is not prepared to play at the expiration of fortyfive (45) seconds or if any member of the team enters the court, that player must be substituted until the end of that half of play.
In each game, each team may make a maximum of three (3) Substitutions during regulation time. Each team may make one (1) substitution during overtime. After a team calls and takes a substitution, at least one throw must take place before the same team can call for a further substitution or time-out. The same player may be substituted more than once; however, each player exchange shall be recorded as a substitution. A substitution may be requested to a referee at any time by a coach or a player using non-verbal hand signals. A substitution shall be acknowledged by a referee during an official break in play or when the ball is under the control of the team requesting the substitution. Upon acknowledgement of the referee, the coach must indicate by a substitution board with the number of the player to come out of the game and the number of the player being substituted into the game.
Substitution, with the exception of a penalised player, will be allowed during a penalty situation. The player must be brought directly on to the court and removed from the court by an official without verbal
instructions from the coach. Should the referee judge the coach to have instructed his on court players, a penalty throw shall be awarded.
Should a substitution be made during a time out, the team shall be charged with both a substitution and a time out and the coach shall be permitted to instruct his players. Any player changes at the end of any
half of play shall not be recorded as a substitution, but shall be indicated by team to the referee and announced at the beginning of the half.
In the event of injury when a coach and/or any other member of the team must enter the team area to provide aid, or when a player cannot continue to play within fortyfive (45) seconds after a medical time out has been acknowledged, substitution of players shall be made as soon as posible and the injured player shall not be permitted to return to the court until the conclusión of the half of play. Such substitutions shall not be considered to be one of the three allowable substitutions.